Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L. 'Florunner'), infested with sicklepod (Cassia obtusifolia L.) were grown during 1977 and 1978 in 20.3-, 40.6- and 81.2-cm row widths (on Dothan sandy loam and on Greenville sandy clay loam). The crop was maintained weed-free for 0, 2, or 5 weeks or for the entire growing season. Three herbicidal systems with various intensities were utilized. In 1978, reduced and regular rates of in-row crop seeding were compared. Weed-free maintenance for 5 weeks generally produced yields of peanuts equivalent to those obtained with continuous weeding. Sicklepod green weights were reduced by 28 and 53% in peanuts with row spacings of 40.6 and 20.3 cm, respectively, as compared to standard 81.2 cm spaced rows. Peanuts in close-row patterns yielded about 14% higher than the conventional 81.2 cm row spacing when averaged for all studies. Adjustments of the in-row seeding rate to produce a more normal seed-drop per hectare reduced the yield of peanuts only 1 to 3% and, therefore, did not negate the increased yields produced with close-row spacings.
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Keywords: peanuts, row spacing, seeding rates, herbicide systems, weed-crop competition, weed-free maintenance, close-rows, Arachis hypogaea L, Florunner
How to Cite:
Hauser, E. & Buchanan, G.,
(1981) “Influence of Row Spacing, Seeding Rates and Herbicide Systems on the Competitiveness and Yield of Peanuts¹”,
Peanut Science 8(1),
31 Dec 1980