Major markets for the large-seeded virginia-type peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) include roasted inshell and salted inshell products with short shelf life being a common consumer complaint. Unlike many other peanut products, it is not economically possible to package these inshell peanuts in nitrogen flushed, oxygen barrier bags. A number of studies have shown that roasted runner-type peanuts with high contents of oleic fatty acid have improved oxidative stability and longer shelf life. A large-seeded, virginia-type peanut cultivar (AgraTech VC-2) with the high oleic trait has been released but no information is available on its shelf life stability. Therefore, this high oleic cultivar and the normal oleic cultivar VA 98R from the 2000 and 2001 crop were used for shelf life evaluations. Peanuts were sized into the fancy inshell grade for roasted inshell and salted inshell products. Peroxide value (PV) results for the roasted inshell peanuts indicated that normal oleic fatty acid (50 range) peanuts reached a PV of 20 meqkg by the end of 4 wk of storage. On the other hand, the high oleic fatty acid (80 range) peanuts did not reach a value of 20 meqkg until approximately 32 wk. When salted inshell the normal oleic peanuts exceed a PV of 20 meqkg before the 2nd wk, whereas the high oleic peanuts still had not reached a PV of 20 meqkg after 40 wk of storage. These results show a significant advantage of high oleic peanuts for extending shelf life of large-seeded, virginia-type peanuts for either roasted or salted inshell processing.
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Keywords: Peroxide Value, Cultivar, fatty acids, inshell peanuts, high oleic
How to Cite:
Mozingo, R. & O'Keefe, S. & Sanders, T. & Hendrix, K., (2004) “Improving Shelf Life of Roasted and Salted Inshell Peanuts Using High Oleic Fatty Acid Chemistry”, Peanut Science 31(1), p.40-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/pnut.31.1.0009