1Published with approval of the Director, Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Stn., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078.
Early leaf spot is a common disease of peanut caused by the fungus Cercospora arachidicola Hori. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of postemergence herbicides on the conidial germination of C. arachidicola and on the incidence of early leaf spot disease in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in a greenhouse. Conidial germination was enhanced ( 100) at concentrations of 1, 100, and 1000 mg/L of 2,4-DB compared with the untreated control. Lactofen reduced conidial germination by 42% compared with the control at concentrations as low as 100 mg/L and completely inhibited germination at concentrations ≥ 5000 mg/L. A concentration of 10,000 mg/L acifluorfen and 2,4-DB completely inhibited conidial germination. Acifluorfen, acifluorfen plus 2,4-DB, and lactofen decreased the sporulation of early leaf spot lesions. Lactofen reduced leaf spot incidence 12% and decreased sporulation of lesions 22% compared with the control. None of the herbicides increased the incidence of early leaf spot on peanut plants or the number of early leaf spot lesions per leaflet when compared with plants that received no herbicide.
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Keywords: Herbicide-plant disease interaction, leaf spot severity
How to Cite:
Baysinger, J. & Melouk, H. & Murray, D., (1999) “Effects of Postemergence Herbicides on Cercospora arachidicola Hori and Early Leaf Spot of Peanut¹”, Peanut Science 26(1), p.4-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-26-1-2