Eight Texas and one Georgia breeding lines, four accessions from Burkina Faso (West Africa), and six runner and two spanish-type cultivars were compared for yield, grade, and susceptibility to Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. for 3 yr under irrigated field conditions. The spanish-type cultivar Tamspan 90 and runner-type breeding line TX896100 (recently released as Tamrun 96) consistently had the lowest disease incidence for all 3 yr. Averaged over years, TX896100 was the highest yielding entry. Four breeding lines resulted in a 2 to 16% yield increase over Okrun, the highest yielding cultivar. The African accessions, in general, produced low yields and low grades with no advantages in disease resistance.
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Keywords: Cultivar, Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc, disease incidence, Southern blight, white mold, Arachis hypogea L
How to Cite:
Besler, B. & Grichar, W. & Smith, O.,
(1997) “Reaction of Selected Peanut Varieties and Breeding Lines to Southern Stem Rot¹”,
Peanut Science 24(1),
01 Jan 1997